|Why Children Make Art|
Art and creativity are vital areas of child development: character, personality, fine motor skills, and communication. Why children make art has been a question with many answers. Children make art because it is part of them, it is fun and the essential needs of their child developmental journey. According to Dr. Maria Montessori: "..artistic activity is a form of reasoning, in which perceiving and thinking are indivisible intertwined. A person who paints, writes, composes, dances… thinks with his sense…Genuine art work requires organization which involves many and perhaps all of the cognitive operations known from theoretical thinking.."
Children at age 5 to 6 is an ideal age to develop creativity and artistry as they are exploring the world around them and developing their fine motor skills. But it is never too early or too late for any child to be exposed or trained at older age and children develop differently as well. Even adult can 're-learn' this drawing ability and creative talent..
To nurture the area of creativity and artistry, the process is very important as something you will meet with different end. Creativity usuaully hidden and unintentional. A child with good fine motor skill and imagination, they can be more expressive and creative. The connection between art and other area of child development is subtle and inextricably intertwined:
Ability to Draw
The ability to draw requires the fine motor skills in a child. It requires children to be able to control and co-ordinate their little hands and mind. Therefore, if children can draw well, they usually have strong fine motor skills. This skill is required to do writing as well and therefore, they can write beautiful words. In addition, the ability to draw well is essential for a child to express themselves fully because of limited in their spoken language vocabulary. There is a saying, a picture worths a thousand words. As parents, you will get drawings from your kids because they wanted to express their feelings, experience, thoughts, and ideas. Fine motor skill in drawing ability is therefore critical to a child development.
Ability to Create Form
The ability to create form for a child requires good observation and recall of memories. They will need to express clearly about their growing up experience and excitement around them. To be able to draw a picture that we can comprehen will be very useful for communication and understanding of a child as well.
Ability to Complete A Picture
The ability of children being able to draw, colours and complete the pictures by themselves will enhance their self confidence and independence. Anxious parent or teachers holding their little hands to draw or complete the colouring might not be helpful for this level of development. Children love to draw and colours by themselves. Indeed, they love to choose colours of their choice, rather than choice of adult. This ability helps children build their self confidence and self esteem.
Ability to Create
The ability to create new idea or new pictures suggest thinking out of the box. Children love to create things and drawing usually is easily available. Pencil and paper do not cost much, but yet, it can give children eronmous space for creativity. Being creative is fun and highly valuable asset for growing up because a person can think differently, solve problem in many ways and generate ideas. A good leader needs to be creative and others can rely on them when they cannot solve any tough problems.
Ability to Fold Paper
The ability to fold papers into different form such as airplane, crane, boxes, animals, etc. suggest children is able to balance the logical thinking and co-ordination of hands and mind. This ability is useful for mathematical process of development without the stress of mathemetic textbook.
Ability to Create 3D
When children draw on paper, it is two dimensional perspective. Hence, when children can create realistic form of objects from a pack of white clay, they have developed three dimensional sense of perspective. This perspective is useful for children to develop the critical thinking by exploring the space in many viewpoints.
According to Professor Elliot Eisner(Lee Jacks Professor of Education, Stanford University): "The arts teach children to make good judgments about qualitative relationships. Unlike much of the curriculum in which correct answers and rules prevail, in the arts, it is judgment rather than rules that prevail. The arts teach children that problems can have more than one solution and that questions can have more than one answer.."
When children are given the opportunity to do drawing on paper, then they are given an unlimited space and freedom for personal expression and creativity. Art should not be restricted for a child to become an artist but rather, art should be given as a mean to allow a child to create thing, fun learning, solve problem differently and creative expression.
Art helps to build good characters such as being patience, ability to focus, self confidence, open mind, joyful, happiness, and the like. Indeed, art has been used as therapy and in therapy for mental health development, growth, and wellness. It is a modality that helps individual to find creative inner self and a hybrid between psychology and art.